Guava tree fruit are tropical to subtropical and may achieve 20 feet about 6 m in height. Growing guava plant requires cold protection, and is not suitable outdoors in most zones of the United States. Dwarf Guava plants must have shelter from freezing winds, even in sunny warm climates where occasional icy temperatures occur.
The guava tree fruit grows on a small tree with a wide, short canopy and a sturdy single- to multi-stemmed trunk. The guava tree is an interesting plant with mottled greenish bark and long 3- to 7-inch about 7.5 to 18 cm serrated leaves.
Guava trees produce white guavas, 1-inch about 2.5 cm flowers that yield small round, oval, or pear-shaped guava fruits. These are more accurately berries with soft flesh, which may be white, yellow, pink, or even red, and which vary in taste from acidic, sour to sweet, and rich depending on the variety. Guava plants thrive in any soil with well-draining conditions and full sun for best flowering and fruit production.
Guava plant Caring
Water your guava tree. While the guava tree is young, you should water it 2 to 3 times a week. Once it matures, however, it won’t need as much water so 3 to 4 times a month should suffice. Guava trees are sensitive to waterlogging, so be sure to regulate what you give.
Guava plants are mainly rain-fed.
Guava Plant Care If you are lucky enough to live in a region where guava plants grow outside, the tree should be planted in a well-draining condition of soil where its roots have room to spread. Fertilize growing guavas every one to two months with guava tree fertilizer while young and then three to four times per year as the tree matures. Guava trees need a high amount of phosphoric acid, nitrogen, and potash, along with some magnesium for maximum fruit production. An example is a formula of 6-6-6-2, worked into soils just prior to the onset of the growing season of the Guava plant and then evenly spaced out three times during the growth period. Water the guava plant frequently after planting and then keep mature trees moderately moist during the blooming and fruiting seasons. Once established, caring for a guava tree is similar to any fruiting tree care.
Remove any weeds and grass from the guava tree’s area as a young guava tree cannot compete very well against them for water and nutrients.
Fertilize the tree once every three months with organic guava tree fertilizer. Your guava tree should be well established before performing this step. Scatter the guava tree fertilizer around the tree while making sure not to come in contact with the stem. Once you've done that, water the tree moderately and fertilizer thoroughly. It's preferred that you wait a year before fertilizing your guava tree.