Apart from the C:N ratio, oxygen and water balance is also critical in maintaining the desired temperature of 50 to 70 °C at the most active phase of decomposition. Earthworms naturally help increase oxygen levels in the pit. They not only ingest partly decomposed composting material and add their nutritious excreta to it, but also continually re-create aeration and drainage tunnels while moving through the composting material.
The material also needs a moisture content of 40 to 60 percent, to facilitate multiplication of beneficial microbes to make aerobic composting. By watering the pit every 2 to 4 days, you would be able to maintain the requisite oxygen/water ratio.
With all requisite ingredients carbon, nitrogen, oxygen and water maintained in proper balance, microorganisms would be able to break down the organic compost matter to produce compost.
Organic Waste Converter for Compost
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Oxygen is an important factor in composting. Like most living things, the aerobic microorganisms that turn food and garden waste into compost require oxygen to support their lives. They get it from air that flows through the compost pile or that gets trapped in the spaces within it.
Composting is a process by which organic materials once considered waste are recycled to produce useful soil conditioners. The organic matter deposited in the compost pit naturally decomposes or oxidizes to form humus or compost. This process is aerobic, meaning it requires the presence of oxygen or air.
Effective composting has three components:
The three components of effective composting are aeration, moisture, and a proper balance of carbon and nitrogen. Aeration is important to ensure the microbes present in the compost have access to oxygen and to help the compost decompose faster.
Who does the work of composting?
Composting can be done by anyone, including individuals, households, farmers, and commercial composting facilities. The process involves the natural breakdown of organic materials by microorganisms and other decomposers, and can be done using various methods such as backyard composting, vermiculture, or industrial composting techniques.
Compost facility operators face challenges when there is not enough air in the compost pile. This can happen if the pile is too wet and is turning to mud. This can kill aerobic microorganisms and stop the composting process. Often in this situation the aerobic microorganisms will be replaced by anaerobic microorganisms that can thrive without oxygen. The garbage will start breaking down again - but with a very noticeable difference.
Benefits of composting
Reduces waste: Composting helps to reduce the amount of organic waste that ends up in landfills, where it generates methane, a potent greenhouse gas.
Improves soil health: Compost provides valuable nutrients to the soil, helping to improve soil structure, fertility and water-holding capacity.
Saves money: By reducing the amount of waste sent to the landfill, composting can help to lower disposal costs and also reduce the need for chemical fertilizers, which can be expensive.
Conserves resources: Composting diverts organic waste from landfills, conserving valuable resources, including space and energy that would otherwise be used to process and transport waste.
Supports sustainable agriculture: Compost provides a natural, sustainable source of plant nutrients, helping to reduce the dependence on synthetic fertilizers and other chemicals.
Reduces greenhouse gas emissions: By diverting organic waste from landfills, composting helps to reduce methane emissions, which are a significant contributor to climate change.
Supports local food systems: Composting can provide a source of organic matter for local farmers, helping to promote sustainable agriculture and support local food systems.
Enhances biodiversity: Composting helps to promote healthy soil ecosystems, which are essential for supporting biodiversity and the health of plants, animals, and insects.
Encourages community engagement: Composting can be a community-wide effort, helping to bring people together to work towards a common goal of reducing waste and promoting sustainability.
Increases knowledge and understanding: Composting provides an opportunity to learn about the natural processes of decomposition and the role that organic matter plays in the ecosystem.
Organic Waste Converter for Compost
While processing and making compost at your home, I'll recommend a vertical garden tower with a composter for effective waste management.a vertical gardening system that works in an efficient way while making compost with Sadabahar (our portable vertical garden). At Urban Plants, you can get a deal that fits your budget.
A vertical gardening system is a method of growing plants on a vertical surface instead of horizontally on the ground. This system is also called a living wall, green wall, or vertical farm. Vertical gardening systems can be used indoors or outdoors, and they can be designed for both aesthetic and practical purposes.Vertical gardening systems are often used for small spaces or urban areas where there is limited space for traditional gardening. They can be used for both ornamental and edible plants, and they offer several benefits, including reduced soil erosion, improved air quality, and increased biodiversity.
Vertical garden towers are a great way to grow plants in a small space or in a way that is visually appealing. Some features of a vertical garden tower may include:
Vertical garden towers are designed to take up as little space as possible while growing as many plants as possible.
Multiple tiers: Garden towers may have multiple tiers, allowing you to grow a variety of plants in one compact unit.
Watering system: Many vertical garden towers have a built-in watering system that makes it easy to water your plants regularly.
Self-contained: Garden towers are often self-contained, which means that they come with everything you need to get started, including soil, seeds, and nutrients.
Portable: Some garden towers are portable and can be easily moved from one location to another.
Space-saving: Vertical garden towers are an excellent space-saving solution for small balconies, patios, or even indoors.
Modular: Some garden towers are modular, which means you can add additional tiers or units to your tower as your garden grows.
Aesthetically pleasing: Garden towers can be an attractive addition to your outdoor or indoor space, with different designs and materials available to suit your style.