Implementation of Door to Door Waste Collection System in India

by Sadabahar Greens Pvt. Ltd.

In order to implement a successful door to door waste collection system, an identification study had to be carried out which helped to find out the amount of waste generated at each ward and the population of each ward. On that basis, a detailed route plan was prepared to cover all wards for waste collection. Based on the route plan, a detailed vehicle and staff deployment plan was implemented in order to meet the waste collection demand of each ward in an area.
The door-to-door waste collection is done through the use of partitioned vehicles. There are three separate collection bins for dry, wet and domestic hazardous waste in each tipper. These tippers carry the waste from households to the transfer station, from where the waste transportation is done by the trenching ground in hook loaders. All vehicles used in the collection and transportation system are monitored by a GPS enabled tracking system for routes. The GPS system is constantly monitored by the monitoring cell of waste collection. Any route deviations by particular drivers are penalized and multiple deviations are also grounds for termination.

Swachh Bharat Mission (Clean India Mission)

On October 2, 2014, the birth anniversary of Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi, the government launched the "Clean India Mission" (SBM). of India. Under the leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, this campaign took the form of a mass movement.

Solid waste management (SWM) is a major problem for many urban local bodies (ULBs) in India, where urbanization, industrialization, and economic development have resulted in an increase in per capita municipal solid waste (MSW) generation. Trends show that by 2050, 50 percent of India's population will live in urban areas. Large urban groups face the challenges of effective waste management, the amount of which is high. Effective SWM is a major challenge in cities with high population densities. Achieving sustainable development within a country experiencing rapid population growth and improving living standards has become more difficult in India because it is a diverse country with many different religious groups, cultures, and traditions.

Different vehicles are used for door-to-door garbage collection. Each tipper has three separate collection bins for dry, wet, and household hazardous waste.

What is hazardous waste?

Simply put, hazardous waste is waste with properties that make it hazardous or capable of causing harmful effects to human health or the environment.

Wet waste or dry waste?


Wet waste is all the kitchen waste that we generate. This can include vegetable peels, used tea, fruits, leftovers, etc. These are basically compostable biodegradable organic wastes. Dry waste includes paper, glass, plastic, cardboard, Styrofoam, rubber, metal, food packaging materials, etc.

  • Dry waste includes paper, glass, plastic, cardboard, Styrofoam, rubber, metal, food packaging materials, etc.

Growing economies, growing urban populations, rising living standards, and rising consumption levels are common trends in emerging economies around the world. Similarly, in India, an increase in purchasing power parity has led to greater affordability, ease of use of resources, and a rapid increase in the amount of waste.

What is smart waste management?


Smart waste management is any system that uses technology to make waste collection more efficient, cost-effective, and environmentally friendly.

Why is technology important in waste management?

Proper waste management techniques are essential to leading a healthy life. By reducing, reusing, and recycling, we can conserve natural resources and save energy. Composting enriches nutrients in the soil, reduces landfill waste, keeps more microorganisms present in the soil, and creates a pollution-free environment. In landfills, the latest technologies are used, which help produce energy like methane in large quantities. Incineration reduces the amount of solid waste, helps in the production of heat and energy, reduces pollution, and makes the place more environmentally friendly.

What can be composted?

Fruits, vegetables, dairy products, grains, bread, unbleached paper napkins, coffee filters, eggshells, meat, and newspaper can be composted. If it is eaten or dried in the field or garden, it can be composted.

Wet waste collection


The wet waste from the domestic waste generators is collected through the Door-to-Door Collection System. The door-to-door collection system has been deployed by IMC to collect the waste collection from domestic generators and commercial areas in India. The waste collection through partitioned vehicles known as ‘Tippers’ and transported to the Garbage Transfer Stations for secondary waste collection.
The wet waste from semi bulk generators generating 25 to 100 kg of waste is collected through the Bulk Collection System in India. The bulk collection vehicles consist of a waste dumper which is used to collect wet waste and a compactor which is used to collect dry waste. These vehicles move in pairs as per a predefined deployment plan of collection. These vehicles on completing their waste collection route transport the waste straight to the central waste processing plant.
The bulk waste generators generating more than 50 kg of waste come under the category of bulk garbage generators. As per the GoI guidelines, it is mandatory for these generators to process their wet waste on-site locally. Hence wet waste is not collected from these waste generators.

Wet Waste Collection Processing

The wet waste collected by the door to door collection vehicles is transported by the tippers to one of the stations. At the GTS, the tippers unload the wet waste into dedicated compactors which compress and load the wet waste on dedicated hook loaders of vechiles. The details of all the incoming waste collection vehicles are logged in the log books at the Garbage Transportation System. The bulk waste collection vehicles do not travel to the GTS but straight to the processing plant after completing their respective collection routes.

Modern Technology for Waste Management


Regarding the wet waste transported within the area that may cause a challenge to staff of waste collectors, we Can help the government by dumping less wet waste and try to compost the wet waste like food waste, garden waste etc. To compost these waste we can Use Sadabahar composter vertical garden planter tower. The best feature of it is self fertilizing with an inbuilt composter attached with planter that is available at Urban plants

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