In order to implement a successful door to door collection system, an identification study had to be carried out which helped to find out the amount of waste generated at each ward and the population of each ward. On that basis, a detailed route plan was prepared to cover all wards for waste collection. Based on the route plan, a detailed vehicle and staff deployment plan was implemented in order to meet the waste collection demand of each ward in an area.
The door to door waste collection is done through the use of partitioned vehicles. There are three separate collection bins for dry, wet and domestic hazardous waste in each tipper. These tippers carry the waste from households to the transfer station, from where the waste transportation is done by the trenching ground in hook loaders. All vehicles used in the collection and transportation system are monitored by a GPS enabled tracking system for routes. The GPS system is constantly monitored by the monitoring cell of waste collection. Any route deviations by particular drivers are penalized and multiple deviations are also grounds for termination.
Wet waste collection
The wet waste from the domestic waste generators is collected through the Door to Door Collection System. The door to door collection system has been deployed by IMC to collect the waste from domestic generators and commercial areas in India. The waste is collected through partitioned vehicles known as ‘Tippers’ and transported to the Garbage Transfer Stations for secondary waste collection.
The wet waste from semi bulk generators generating 25 to 100 kg of waste is collected through the Bulk Collection System in India. The bulk collection vehicles consist of a waste dumper which is used to collect wet waste and a compactor which is used to collect dry waste. These vehicles move in pairs as per a predefined deployment plan of collection. These vehicles on completing their waste collection route transport the waste straight to the central waste processing plant.
The bulk waste generators generating more than 50 kg of waste come under the category of bulk garbage generators. As per the GoI guidelines, it is mandatory for these generators to process their wet waste on-site locally. Hence wet waste is not collected from these waste generators.
The wet waste collected by the door to door collection vehicles is transported by the tippers to one of the stations. At the GTS, the tippers unload the wet waste into dedicated compactors which compress and load the wet waste on dedicated hook loaders of vechiles. The details of all the incoming waste collection vehicles are logged in the log books at the Garbage Transportation System. The bulk waste collection vehicles do not travel to the GTS but straight to the processing plant after completing their respective collection routes.
Regarding the wet waste transported within the area that may cause a challenge to staff of waste collectors, we Can help the government by dumping less wet waste and try to compost the wet waste like food waste, garden waste etc. To compost these waste we can Use Sadabahar composter vertical garden planter tower. The best feature of it is self fertilizing with an inbuilt composter attached with planter that is available at Urban plants.