A garden full of colorful flowers such as chrysanthemum will delight every gardener. The winter garden would not be complete without these perennials, often referred to as "mums".
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Chrysanthemum is also known as the "Glory of the East". It is one of the most common flowers in the garden and is probably next to the rose in popularity. There is no other flower in the garden that has such a different and beautiful variety of colors, a different flower shape and height like a chrysanthemum.
Chrysanthemums are actually a stopper and are available in a wide range, which vary in height, color, size, flowering time and type. Some of the most popular types are Single, Decoration, Cushion, Anemone, Pompon, Quill, Spider, Spoon.
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Propagation: The most common ways of propagating chrysanthemums are the planting of shoots and cuttings. Annual varieties are grown by seeds.
Botanical name: Chrysanthemum
Group: Frost-resistant / semi-hard perennial
Height and width: 10cm-1.5m (4in-5ft)
Scheme of planting and flowering chrysanthemums:
- Sprouts are planted in 'February' for flowering in 'August-September'
- Cut trees are planted in the "monsoon" to bloom in the "winter"
- For one-year-old chrysanthemums, sowing takes place in 'June to July' for pure flowering and sowing in 'September' for winter flowering.
How to grow Chrysanthemum?
Plant Chrysanthemum in a location that receives approximately 5-6 hours of sunlight daily.
Since these beauties are susceptible to mildew, keep the plants dry with proper water drainage, air circulation, and see to it that you allow the morning sun to dry the dew on the leaves and stems. Avoid planting it in low-lying, moist areas with minimal air circulation. It is interesting that Chrysanthemum blooming responds to shortening days and longer nights, so avoid planting them near nighttime light sources like the streetlights.
It is best if the soil for planting chrysanthemums is fertile, well drained, sandy or loamy. The pH should be about 6.5. Keep in mind that chrysanthemums can grow on their own, but they will give you a great yield if they have enough light and are regularly fed a balanced fertilizer during the growing season.
Points to keep in mind:
- Chrysanthemums are best planted in the spring.
- They can be stored in internal containers until external conditions are suitable for transfer.
- It is best if they grow in nutrient-rich soil. It is advisable to plant manure before planting chrysanthemums.
- After flowering, mulch them with centimeters of straw to protect them from freezing. chrysanthemum cultivation
Insect infestation and diseases affecting chrysanthemums:
Aphids, grasshoppers, eels, bugs and greenhouses can damage stocks. White rust and mildew in dry conditions can also be harmful and difficult to control. Mildew is harmful. Where the weather is humid, gray mold and other fungal rats can cause stunting and leaf prints.
Chrysanthemum is a flower that is born in November. Red chrysanthemum means love and is used to express the same. White chrysanthemum means innocence and purity. Yellow chrysanthemum means little love.
- red chrysanthemum
- white chrysanthemum
In China and Japan, chrysanthemums are considered a powerful symbol of youth. He believes that the petal of this flower, when placed under a glass of wine, improves longevity.