The arrowhead plant goes by numerous names, including arrowhead vine, five fingers, American evergreen, and nephthytis. Although it may be grown outdoors in some regions, the arrowhead plant (Syngonium podophyllum) is typically grown as indoor plants.
The arrowhead plant can be grown alone or in any other mixed planting for additional interest. As the plant ages, however, it will begin to vine; therefore, it may be a good idea to grow the arrowhead vines in a hanging basket. Likewise, the arrowhead plant can be trained on a pole or trellis for support.
Know about Arrowhead Plant Care
Overall, arrowhead plant care is quite simple. The arrowhead plant should be allowed to dry out between watering of plants. Although the plant enjoys some moisture, it should not be kept too wet, which may lead to root rot.
It prefers temperatures between 60 and 75 F about 16 and 24 C but can tolerate a wider range, if necessary. Proper arrowhead plant care requires moist conditions, especially during dry winter months. Mist the plant daily or place its container or any pot on a tray filled with pebbles and water to increase humidity for optimal growth. The arrowhead plant can be fertilized monthly with a balanced and required fertilizer.
The leaves change shape as the arrowhead plant matures, beginning as an arrowhead shape, and then changing into three to five finger-like sections. Leaves are generally green in color but there are many arrowhead plant varieties that include variegated leaves of differing shades. The heavily variegated varieties require filtered light, bright. Average light is the norm for solid green arrowhead plant varieties or those with less variegation. Keep them away from direct sunlight, as this will cause the arrowhead vine to burn or bleach. The arrowhead vine will tolerate low light levels on occasion.
Structure of Arrowhead Plant RootThe arrowhead vine root structure is quite extensive, spreading and growing to the point of becoming invasive in the wild. Even within a contained environment, because of the arrowhead vine root structure, the plant should be repotted every second spring. This arrowhead plant can also be propagated through division, cuttings (which can be rooted easily in water), and air layering. Gloves should be worn when working with the arrowhead vine, as its sap can be irritating to sensitive individuals.
If the arrowhead-shaped plant foliage is preferred, simply cut off the climbing stems as they develop. The arrowhead plant will take on a bushier appearance, with less climbing, and the leaves will remain more arrow-shaped.
Really, with a little diligence, arrowhead vine care is simple. Taking proper care of your arrowhead vine (Syngonium podophyllum) will bring you many rewards.