India is the third-largest producer of solid waste, after only the United States and China. It faces significant challenges associated with waste collection, waste transportation, treatment and waste disposal. ULBs are ill-equipped to handle the increasing quantity of waste, which is a direct result of India’s ever-increasing urban population and average income, leading to drastic changes in the consumption pattern in Indian cities. Some of the key challenges for the Solid Waste management system include a lack of waste segregation and doorstep collection, the use of inappropriate technologies for treatment, and the indiscriminate disposal of waste. A callous public attitude towards waste management further exacerbates the situation.
Challenges to Waste Management in India includes:
Data on the quantum of waste generation in India is conflicting, since there is no waste system of periodic data collection on waste generation. Consequently, the estimations and projections of solid waste management vary wildly from one agency to the other.
Research has shown that waste collection efficiency is low in India, due to non-uniformity in the waste collection system. Waste collection efficiency is complete only in those areas where private contractors and non-governmental organisations are actively involved.
Most cities and towns in India dispose of their waste by depositing it in low-lying areas outside the city, without taking adequate precautions in waste management. Research shows that there is no land available for landfill for Waste dump. Since ULBs don't have the resources to acquire new land, finding new land becomes a major challenge in waste management.
Local authorities lack adequate funding and infrastructure of authority. Thus, they are unable to adopt innovative and appropriate technologies for waste treatment and waste disposal management in India.
Waste to Energy (WtE) is a widely used technology in India, but it faces several problems, including unsegregated waste and seasonal variation in waste composition. Various research documents show that most WtE plants cannot function effectively due to operational and design issues in waste management.
There is a lack of proper planning and indigenisation of sophisticated waste management process facilities, as well as the provision of regular training to waste-collectors.
To Resolve improper document issues and design issues we can go with manual composting methods for these we can use Sadabahar composter vertical garden planter tower will help the best feature of it is self fertilizing with inbuilt composter attached with planter that is available at Urban plants.